The inevitable rug
Essential for dressing Moroccan living room, the success of the 80s for the Moroccan rug is now very far. Fortunately the local population is there to cushion the decline in the export and marketing of the car, the Moroccan carpet brings much more than heat, it expresses a way of life, a way of thinking too. In the West, it is the most popular Berber bed, used more than as Moroccan decoration is on the ground or hanging on the walls.
When the Moroccan rug becomes a decorative accessory
Essential element for successful Moroccan style decoration, the rug adorns not only the floors of the interiors but also the walls and furniture.If for the simple tourist the Moroccan carpet remains a decoration accessory Moroccan, it is different for the Moroccans. Indeed, the Moroccan rug comes from an ancestral folk tradition and rooms such as living room and bedroom are covered even in summer. In the Middle Atlas regions Moroccan rugs are very thick and heavy. The harsh weather conditions in winter pushed Berber women to make carpets that warm homes. Morocco is a crossroads where several civilizations met. Ethnic diversity has made the reputation of Moroccan carpets in the world. Thanks to this diversity, the carpets have improved. The Berbers, African Arabs, Romans, each brought his know-how. In the different regions of Morocco, you can find carpets of all shapes and colors according to the traditions of these regions or city of Morocco. The manufacture of rugs is currently a very active sector of the Moroccan economy. It is indeed not a Moroccan living room that does not have its hand knotted carpets. There are two types, the warp, the weft and the threads are made of wool, mainly knotted. In Morocco, there are several categories of Moroccan rugs, each region has its own designs and own materials. However, there are two types: the Kilim carpet, a Berber style, and the Arabic carpet, a city style that is mainly in two Moroccan cities: Fez and Rabat.
The Berber rug
It is also called the kilim rug or tribal rug. Moreover, there are regional varieties, designated by the name of the tribe that executes them. In the Middle Atlas, the tradition of weaving is perpetuated in Azrou, carpets are thick in the background usually a natural white color, black or brown with simple patterns of contrasting color. In the High Atlas and the region of Ouarzazate the rugs are smaller, finer weaving and warm colors combining red, yellow and orange. East of Marrakesh, Chichaoua carpets are famous for their red color ranging from dark pink to carmine, they can be plain or decorated with geometric designs, the oldest bear characters or stylized animals. They are usually decorated with sober geometric patterns and are not very colorful. Each region or tribe creates a rug model with its own patterns and colors. At the high Atlas, 150 km far from Ouarzazate, Taznakht region, there are many more knotted rugs made of pure sheep wool in a multitude of natural colors. Hatred red, saffron yellow, white and brown are natural colors of sheep. In the middle atlas, in the region of Khenifra, there are more plain carpets knotted wool. The red color is dominant because it gives off heat. In other Moroccan regions, such as Khemissate, Tiffelt and Zemmour, the manufacture of woven and embroidered Kilim was found more. Kilim Tiffelt is the most famous in Morocco because of the fineness of its geometric designs and its indigo blue color. Berber carpets are knotted or woven. They are rustic and original with simple or complex patterns. Women weave carpets with wool that they color with natural dyes that give them harmonious colors. Each creation is unique, just like every object from Moroccan craftsmanship. We also find these Moroccan rugs as bed linen as a blanket and decoration. Berber style guaranteed!
The urban carpet
The urban carpet, also known as the Arab carpet or the royal carpet, comes generally from two big Moroccan cities: Fez and Rabat. It is distinguished by its motifs which are more Oriental or Andalusian designs containing flower motifs (tree of life) or Islamic motifs like Mihrab. It is more sumptuous and more sophisticated than the Berber carpet with a perfect symmetry while keeping its prestige and princely side. A rich decoration that combines different harmonies of colors, with its medallions, and the profusion of patterns and edges with stylized flowers. The central subject, hexagonal in shape reminiscent of the basin that is in the center of the garden, each border that surrounds it draws a different floral theme, or geometric shapes refers to the frame of zelliges. It is also the association of Marocco-Andalusian architecture with oriental art, it distinguishes the walls, the doors of large palaces, decorated ceilings, gardens, riads or patios. This carpet is of a very special knotting quality. A royal carpet can hold up to 300,000 knots per square meter.
The oldest and the most beautiful are presented in the various museums of arts and popular traditions of the big cities. The soul of the carpet seems to reflect these societies that dot the Moroccan landscape. They are recognized by the patterns, the colors. We learn the magic of signs, symbols. We discover a universe, a way of life, of thought. These women living in a tribal or rural society have appropriated their textile creations an area of freedom where they succeed in developing personal creativity and a surprising and fruitful artistic expression. The carpet becomes essential before being utilitarian, it is a link between the past and the present, sometimes between the earth and the sky.
Author : J.Rodi